No one expected the longest bull market in history to see its demise brought on by a virus. While U.S. equity markets were able to withstand a trade war with China, a presidential impeachment, the potential for a global recession and global uncertainty including Brexit and civil wars in the Middle East, the U.S. economy was ambushed by a silent and highly contagious virus.
The first three months of 2020 were filled with Covid-19 fears and economic responses. The world is experiencing a pandemic and a financial crisis that caused many investors to feel a level of anxiety that they have not had for over a decade. It’s almost impossible to remember that in Mid-February, equity markets were experiencing all-time, record highs. Now, we are in an unprecedented, event-driven bear market.
In the first quarter of 2020, more specifically, on March 12, the longest bull market in the history of the S&P 500 ended. This was the worst quarter for the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) since 1987 and its poorest first three-month start to the year ever.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average’s decline of 23.2% for the quarter was its biggest since the 25.3% drop seen during the fourth quarter of 1987. The S&P 500 posted a 20% decline. Prior to this waterfall downturn, the stock market seemed unstoppable, with both the 122-year-old DJIA and the S&P 500 quadrupling earlier this year from their March 2009 lows. Many investors who remained vigilant and held their positions during that time were generously rewarded. In just a few weeks, the stock market experienced several firsts in its history including:
In less than three weeks, the S&P 500 fell from a 52-week high to a 52-week low.
The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corporate Bond Index lost more than 7% in a week.
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) experienced its worst set of down days where 90% or more of NYSE-traded stocks closed lower for the day.
The S&P 500 hit the circuit breaker and triggered a trading halt four times.
The Nasdaq Composite Index suffered its largest one-day percentage decline ever.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average posted its biggest weekly gain since 1938. (Sources: marketwatch.com 3/16/20, WSJ 3/27/2020)
An 11-year bull market has changed into one of the quickest bear markets of all-times. Not only is the world trying to stop the spread of a highly contagious virus, but it is also scrambling fix the disruption of global supply chains and the decline of consumer demand.
Interest Rates Are Still in the Spotlight
After lowering the federal funds rate by a half-point to a range of 1.0% to 1.25% in between its regularly scheduled meetings, as a response to the risks the COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak was creating, the Federal Reserve cut its benchmark interest rate in mid-March by a full 1% to 0%-0.25%. When the Fed first started reducing interest rates, many experts noted that the central bank was “catching up” to where markets had headed. Now, it seems as if they are responding to both the economy and the fact that the 10-year Treasury had fallen to all-time lows.
The all-time low for the Fed Funds Rate is effectively zero. The Fed has only lowered their rate to a range of 0% to 0.25% twice: once during the financial crisis of 2008 and now in March of 2020. (Source: The Balance, 3/30/20)
CNBC reported on April 1st that the, “10-year Treasury yield falls to 0.6% as the coronavirus crisis deepens.” With interest rates at or near all-time lows, many investors cannot generate income or meet their long-term goals with a full portfolio of cash and bonds. (Source: CNBC, 4/1/20)
Oil prices suffered an extremely rough stretch this quarter. As if things were not bad enough, the oil price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia, which emerged suddenly and dramatically on March 7, compounded the already ultra-bearish demand backdrop. The Saudi Arabia and Russia oil price war resulted in a massive price drop on March 8, 2020, when U.S. oil prices fell by 34% and crude oil fell by 26%. (Source: CNN.com; 3/8/2020)
The Coronavirus’ impact on oil consumption is unlike anything in modern history. Governments continue to impose flight restrictions and other travel bans, enforce lockdowns, and require non-essential businesses to close doors. Numerous school closures also mean many fewer buses and cars will be on the roads. As the quarter closed, there was pressure on the president to step in and assist in resolving the price war. Oil prices saw the worst month and quarter in oil price history down over 50%. With energy companies and oil still being a contributing factor to the overall economy, oil prices are a topic we are keeping a watchful eye on. (Source: Washington Post, 4/2/20)
The CARES Act
The government is trying to help businesses and prevent the threat of a recession through the $2.2 trillion-dollar Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act.This emergency relief package, the largest economic-relief package in U.S. history, included: Extensions of unemployment benefits, $150B for state and local governments, $500B in general corporate aid, $350B in small-business loans that will be facilitated by community banks, $100B for the healthcare system and Direct payments to individuals: Individuals can receive up to a maximum of $1,200 per person ($2,400 per couple) depending upon their income.
The estimates for the total monetary and fiscal output to manage this crisis is $4 trillion, according to Jurrien Timmer, Director of Global Macro for Fidelity Management and Research Company. So far there is a strong response from the U.S. Government, which will need time to see if it produces results. (Source: fidelity.com, 3/23/20)
A Brief Lesson in Some Market Terms
Oftentimes, we hear the wrong words used in the wrong context. For educational purposes, we feel it is important to clarify some stock market words and their definitions.
“Dip” - a short-lived downturn from a sustained longer-term uptrend.
“Correction” - a 10% drop in the market from recent highs. Historically corrections occur an average of about every eight to 12 months and last about 54 days. (Source: thebalance.com 3/9/20)
“Bear Market” - a long, sustained decline in the stock market. If the market declines 20% from the its recent high, this is considered the start of a bear market.
“Crash” - a sudden and dramatic drop in stock prices, often on a single day or week. Crashes are rare, but typically happen after a long-term uptrend in the market.
Bear Market Basics
Bear Market's Most Basic Principle: Bear markets are a part of the investing experience. Many people believe that a bull market means a steady growth in equities. This is not the case. During this most recent, long-standing bull market, there were 13 corrections and the market moved down intraday into bear market territory (down at least 20%) three times. (Source: www.fidelity.com)
We have now entered into a bear market territory (a close of 20% down) so it might be helpful to review some information about bear markets. Bear markets can be classified into one of three categories: structural; cyclical; and event driven. Goldman Sachs analyzed bear markets back to 1835. They defined these three markets as follows:
Structural: bear markets created by imbalances and financial bubbles, very often followed by a price shock such as deflation. The markets have an average drop of 57%.
Cyclical: bear markets that are typically a function of the economic cycle, marked by rising interest rates, impending recessions and falls in profits. These markets have an average drop of 31%.
Event-driven: bear markets created by events such as war, an oil price shock, an emerging-market crisis, or like most recently, a sudden viral pandemic (Covid-19).
We are currently in an "event-driven" bear market. These are the bear markets that are hardest if not impossible to forecast or navigate. Covid-19 created a first of its kind bear market, one that was caused by a virus. We have had event-driven bear markets, but none were created by a viral pandemic. According to Goldman Sachs Chief Global Equity Strategist Peter Oppenheimer, "event-driven " bear markets, on average, result in lower declines than the other two types, and historically have lasted shorter. This unusual downturn is one that offers no easy outcomes. (Source: marketwatch.com 3/11/20)
How should investors think about this downturn?
Investors generally hope that equity markets will go up. The volatility and turbulence of this current economic and political environment has caused even some of the most seasoned investors to become skittish. In March, legendary investor Warren Buffett said that he hadn’t seen anything like the coronavirus pandemic. “If you stick around long enough, you’ll see everything in markets,” he told Yahoo Finance. “And it may have taken me to 89 years of age to throw this one into the experience.”
Since that statement, it’s become even more confusing as infections mount around the world and the stock market continues to spin out of control in both directions. Many investors are trying to compare their portfolio’s performance during this difficult period. So how did the Berkshire Hathaway leader perform?
“While Buffett is well known for weathering the worst market downturns and coming out stronger, the last several weeks have been just as painful on his portfolio as it has on the broader market,” Bespoke explained in a post noting that the average stocks in his top holdings on March 24th were down 37% from their February highs. Perhaps the most important thing to think about is that like everybody else, his portfolio obviously hasn’t been immune to all this volatility. (Source: MarketWatch.com, 3/27/20)
The chart in this report shares that the six biggest point declines and the six biggest point increases in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) all came in the last five weeks of this quarter. On March 12th, the DJIA fell 2,352 points which was over 9%. Had you sold that day you missed the next day’s (March 13th) rise of 1,985, also a move of over 9%. This level of volatility is unprecedented and therefore even the savviest of investors needs to PROCEED WITH CAUTION!
How should investors think about this downturn?
Revisit Your Personal Objectives - First and foremost, we continue to urge you to ask yourself four questions:
Have my financial timelines changed?
Have my financial goals changed?
Has my risk tolerance changed?
Are there any changes my advisor needs to know about my situation?
Think Long-Term -Investing involves uncertainty and therefore investors should consider using long time horizons.
Look into Rebalancing - Maintaining a properly designed and well-diversified portfolio is important. Now is a good time to take a look at your portfolio and consider any rebalancing that may need to be performed.
Suspend Distributions - If you are comfortable with suspending distributions and looking for a potentially better time to take them, please call us at we can see if this strategy works for your personal situation.
Consider Roth IRA Conversions - There are many reasons to consider Roth IRA conversions. For many retirement accounts with equities, account values are down. This can create opportunities, especially for those investors currently in the 12%, 22% and 24% tax brackets. Add in the new SECURE Act’s changes to inherited IRAs and it becomes even more prudent to consider the pros and cons of a Roth IRA conversion. Roth Conversions have some complicated rules and guidelines, therefore, as always, first discuss this option with us and your tax preparer to see if they are a good fit for your financial goals.
Think Rationally, Not Emotionally -One of Sir John Templeton’s “Rule’s for Investment Success” is, “Do not be fearful or negative too often.” Market turbulence should remind us that it is a good idea to re-evaluate instead of panic.
Tune Out Media Magnification and Seek the Help of a Professional - One of our primary goals is to make sure you are comfortable with your investments. We will always consider your feelings about risk and the markets and review your unique financial situation when making recommendations.
We pride ourselves in offering:
consistent and strong communication,
a schedule of regular client meetings, and
continuing education on the issues that affect our clients.
A skilled financial professional can help make your journey easier.
We care about our clients and we are here for you. Our goal is to be prepared, not scared! If you feel we need to talk, please call. We are honored that you have chosen us to help with your financial needs.
Securities and advisory services offered through LPL Financial, a registered investment advisor, Member FINRA/SIPC.
Note: The views stated in this letter are not necessarily the opinion of LPL Financial, and should not be construed, directly or indirectly, as an offer to buy or sell any securities mentioned herein. Investors should be aware that there are risks inherent in all investments, such as fluctuations in investment principal. With any investment vehicle, past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Material discussed herewith is meant for general illustration and/or informational purposes only, please note that individual situations can vary. Therefore, the information should be relied upon when coordinated with individual professional advice. This material contains forward looking statements and projections. There are no guarantees that these results will be achieved.
All indices referenced are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly. Unmanaged index returns do not reflect fees, expenses, or sales charges. Index performance is not indicative of the performance of any investment. The S&P 500 is an unmanaged index of 500 widely held stocks that is generally considered representative of the U.S. Stock market. Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), commonly known as “The Dow” is an index representing 30 stock of companies maintained and reviewed by the editors of the Wall Street Journal.
Diversification is used to help manage investment risk; it does not guarantee a profit or protect against investment loss. Rebalancing a portfolio may cause investors to incur tax liabilities and/or transaction costs and does not assure a profit or protect against a loss.
Due to volatility within the markets mentioned, opinions are subject to change without notice. Information is based on sources believed to be reliable; however, their accuracy or completeness cannot be guaranteed. International investing involves special risks, including currency fluctuations, differing financial accounting standards, and possible political and economic volatility. Investing in emerging markets can be riskier than investing in well-established foreign markets. Investing involves risk and investors may incur a profit or a loss. Sources: Barron’s, marketwatch.com; washingtonpost.com; goldmansachs.com; politio.com; fidelity.com; cnn.com; forbes.com. Contents provided by the Academy of Preferred Financial Advisors, Inc.